Presentation of Défis Humanitaire’s expert committee

Alain Boinet

Founder of the association Solidarités International and of the website Défis Humanitaires, Alain Boinet has carried out numerous missions in countries in crisis since 1980. He is also an honorary member of the Board of Directors of Solidarités International, a member of the Humanitarian Dialogue Group at the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs and of its Crisis and Support Centre. He is a director of the French Water Partnership (PFE), the Véolia Foundation and the Think Tank (re)sources.



Pierre Brunet

Pierre Brunet is a novelist and Vice-President of the NGO SOLIDARITES INTERNATIONAL. He became involved in humanitarian work in Rwanda in 1994, then in Bosnia in 1995, and has since returned to the field (Afghanistan in 2003, Calais Jungle in 2016, migrant camps in Greece and Macedonia in 2016, Iraq and North-East Syria in 2019). Pierre Brunet’s novels are published by Calmann-Lévy: “Barnum” in 2006, “JAB” in 2008, “Fenicia” in 2014 and “The triangle of uncertainty” in 2017. A former journalist, Pierre Brunet regularly publishes articles of analysis, opinion, or columns.


Marie-France Chatin

Marie-France CHATIN is a journalist at Radio France Internationale. She is the producer of the programme “GEOPOLITIQUE”. She was previously a senior reporter for RFI’s International Service, specialising in the Americas, and RFI’s permanent special envoy to the USA.




Cyprien Fabre

Cyprien Fabre is the Head of the Crisis and Fragility Unit at the OECD. A former Solidarités volunteer, then head of several offices for DG ECHO, he joined the OECD in 2016 to analyse the engagement of Development Assistance Committee members in fragile countries and refine the contribution of development assistance to peace objectives in crisis contexts.



Patrice Franceschi

Writer, aviator and sailor, Patrice Franceschi divides his life between writing, adventure and commitments. He is notably the author of Dernière nouvelles du futur, S’il n’en reste qu’une and Éthique du samouraï moderne. He won the Goncourt short story prize for Première personne du singulier and belongs to the prestigious group of marine writers.




Cécile de Guillebon

Cécile de Guillebon, HEC, SFAF and FRICS, worked for 10 years in mergers and acquisitions (JP Morgan) and has 30 years of experience in Real Estate & General Services (Kering, General Electric, Colliers and the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance) before creating Esserto in 2021, an eco-system of startups in proptech. She sits on the boards of ADP (Aéroports de Paris), AB Science, Foncière Inéa and SLI. She is a volunteer director of the Association Immobilière du Diocèse de Paris and the Fondation de l’Hôpital Foch.



Edouard Lagourgue

Former president of Solidarités International (2013/2018), I have been involved in the associative and humanitarian life for a long time. From my first commitments in Afghanistan in the 1980s to my recent involvement with the Institution Nationale des Invalides, I seek to do my part in the necessary solidarity that makes life between people more equitable and thus contributes to a fairer world. Connecting our responsibilities as citizens, those of our leaders, and the state of the world with the systemic challenges we face, is an urgent task to which I am happy to contribute alongside the committee of experts of Défis Humanitaires and Alain Boinet.


Alain Leroy                                                                                                                  

Alain Le Roy is Ambassador of France and Honorary Senior Advisor to the Court of Auditors. He has been Ambassador of France to Madagascar and Italy, as well as Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, in charge of peacekeeping operations, and Secretary General of the European External Action Service.




Benoit Miribel

Benoit Miribel has been President of the French Centre for Funds and Foundations (CFF) since June 2015. He is also the Secretary General of the Foundation “Une Santé Durable pour Tous” (Sustainable Health for All) launched in June 2020 and is the President of the Humanitarian Logistics Platform “Bioport”, which he founded in 1992. He has been a member of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (EESC) since May 2021 and is rapporteur on the Europe of Health. Since September 2020, he has been working as a consultant for organisations working in the field of general interest (VICLEST Consultant). He was previously Director of Public Health at Institut Mérieux (2018-2020) and Director General of Fondation Mérieux (2007-2017). Since June 2013, he has been Honorary President of Action contre la Faim (ACF), an association which he chaired (2010/2013) and directed (2003/2006).

Justine Muzik Piquemal

Justine Piquemal Muzik is a lawyer specialising in the law of religions and is constantly learning. She began her career in negotiating humanitarian access to state or de facto militaries. She is currently the geographical manager of Solidarités International. From one country to another, crisis after crisis, each road she travels allows her to support the teams in reaching the most vulnerable people.



Gildas Poirel

Gildas has been a consultant in Organisation and Human Resources for over 20 years. He attaches great importance to these two perspectives because he is convinced that an organisation only functions “through” and “with” the women and men who make it up. Gildas has accompanied the development of the NGO Solidarités International for 25 years. First a volunteer in Bosnia-Herzegovina, he then joined the Board of Directors, the Office and was the Treasurer for 7 years.



Alicia Piveteau

Alicia Piveteau started by developing the advocacy of Défis Humanitaires with Alain Boinet. After a stopover at the digital media “Caractères”, where she was in charge of international news, she joined the editorial staff of “Diplomatie” magazine in 2021, a bimonthly magazine dedicated to international relations.





Véronique Sentilhes 

Véronique Sentilhes began her career in marketing and development in 1990 to contribute to the evolution of private and non-profit structures and has worked for NGOs and multinationals. Since 2001, she has accompanied the general management of non-profits (Solidarités internationale, Institut Mines Télécom, Le Musée de l’Armée aux Invalides, …) in their development strategy, from the definition of the vision to the elaboration of projects with a strong societal impact in order to make potential patrons want to invest substantial amounts in the long term. Véronique is the Director of Development of the Ecole Normale Supérieure Foundation since 2019.


Antoine Vaccaro 

Titulaire d’un doctorat en science des organisations.Après un parcours professionnel dans de grandes organisations non gouvernementales et groupe de communication : Fondation de France, Médecins du Monde, TBWA ; il préside le CerPhi et Force for Good. Administrateur au sein d’associations et de fondations.Co-Fondateur de plusieurs organismes professionnels : Association Française des Fundraisers, Comité de la Charte de déontologie des organismes faisant appel à la générosité publique, Euconsult, La chaire de Philanthropie de l’Essec. Investisseur chez Heoh, Qu’est ce qui tourne ? My Quick Win. Il a publié divers ouvrages et articles sur la philanthropie et le fund-raising.


















Working together for humanitarian action.

This is the 70th edition of Défis Humanitaires whose objective is to promote humanitarianism, to establish the causal links between geopolitics and humanitarian crisis and to alert and mobilise in the face of the major challenges that threaten us.

In the last editorial (DH 69 October 2022), in the face of the scepticism displayed by some journalists and politicians, I wrote that Vladimir Putin’s threats to use weapons of mass destruction rather than lose the war should be taken seriously without yielding to them. Since then, this high-intensity war in Ukraine has been globalised into a conflict over values and the political model launched by Russia, with the support of China and other countries, against the Western model.

In the meantime, on the ground, this war is intensifying with the destruction of heating infrastructures, water distribution stations and the conflict is evolving into a “hybrid war” where all means are used as a weapon: sabotage (gas pipeline, submarine and terrestrial cables), energy, investments, information, migratory flows and tomorrow, perhaps, the internet!

Should we consider that this war has become global and, even more so, that it is becoming a war of civilisation, to use the title of Samuel Huntington’s book. In any case, the world is becoming fragmented, more uncertain and more dangerous. This can lead us to fear negative consequences for the major international agendas, notably the fight against climate change, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals and, by extension, new conflicts.

As dramatic as the war in Ukraine is, with its millions of displaced people and refugees and its countless collateral effects which will also affect us directly (food, inflation, energy, risk of recession), in this issue 70 of Défis Humanitaires we are still attentive and mobilised on other emergencies, to present you with useful analyses for humanitarians and their partners, institutions, parliamentarians, journalists, academics, students, think-tanks, water and climate actors, and political decision makers.



To keep you as informed as possible.

In this edition, the report “Burkina Faso: humanitarian aid in a dangerous spiral“, by Pierre Brunet, humanitarian and writer, alerts us to the delirious increase in the number of people displaced by the fighting, which has increased by 7000% since August 2018. Today, out of 20 million inhabitants, 10% are displaced by this conflict which continues to spread and deepen at the risk of chaos! And yet, humanitarians are faced with the challenges of accessing relief supplies to populations at risk.

Similarly, the latest ALNAP report (350 pages) on the state of the global humanitarian system for the period 2018 – 2021 is presented by Eva Miccolis in a synthetic way in 11 pages with graphs! The observation is simple, during these 4 years, we have seen an increase in the number of conflicts, their intensification and frequency. The number of displaced people has doubled in 10 years and food insecurity has increased by 33% in the last 5 years. What lessons can we draw from this?

Antoine Vaccaro, President of Force For Good, warns us about generosity in times of crisis as humanitarian aid also requires financial resources. The end-of-year period, in France and in other countries, is traditionally the time when 60% of donations to charities are made. However, recent studies have shown that the number of new donors is decreasing and that the average donation of the largest donors is decreasing. So what can be done to mobilise generosity in the service of the general interest at a time when needs are increasing both in crisis situations around the world and in France? Antoine Vaccaro reminds us of the key responses to promote in the face of these challenges.

I am calling on you.

As you can see, Défis Humanitaires remains faithful to its mission of providing information, analysis and proposals for humanitarian aid that is committed, relevant, more effective and able to adapt to each context and to respect the societies, cultures, people and countries where it provides relief and assistance.

In this context, I do feel that our readers expect more from us. But, honestly, this is where we reach our current limits of a very limited budget and full volunteer work.

This is why I am launching an appeal today to support Défis Humanitaires in a concrete way. But, to do what, you may ask? Concretely, if the means allow it, we have the project to adopt a new press-type layout with a greater number of texts and agency photos. In this way, we also want to produce regular humanitarian reports on the ground in crises. We also have an ambitious project to publish the second edition of the Study on International Humanitarian NGOs, for the period 2006-2021, with reference figures for this 15-year period as well as a presentation of the major issues facing the humanitarian sector today.

In this very motivating perspective of developing Défis Humanitaires, a number of personalities have recently constituted a multi-disciplinary Committee of Experts which brings together specialists from the fields of humanitarian aid, philanthropy, foundations, partnerships, communication and publishing, international relations and geopolitics. Their commitment sends a strong positive message of support and participation in this project, which we invite you to join by supporting it concretely now.

I encourage you to participate personally today:

– By making a donation to Défis Humanitaires via HelloAsso.

– By sharing this edition and its articles with your friends and colleagues.

-By sending us ( your comments and proposals, testimonies of your humanitarian action in the field and by telling us what you think of Défis Humanitaires.

For almost five years now, with this 70th edition, Défis Humanitaires has been offered to you each month free of charge and in complete editorial independence. Today, I am calling on your support in order to continue and develop a publication that is read with interest in many countries, from sub-Saharan Africa to the United States, from European countries to France and the Middle East. I warmly thank you for participating in this new type of humanitarian project, which is innovative, and which is above all useful to humanitarian actors and their partners in saving lives with populations in danger.

Alain Boinet.

President of Défis Humanitaires.